Take the Stress Out of Fractures
A fracture is a broken bone. A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractures in a number of ways: crosswise, lengthwise, or in multiple pieces.
Stress-Free Fracture Prevention
- A diet rich in calcium and Vitamin D promotes bone strength, which includes dairy products, green vegetables, salmon, and some fortified foods. Visit the National Osteoporosis Foundation website for a complete list of foods and daily requirements.
- Weight-bearing exercises help keep bones strong, such as walking, hiking, dancing, aerobics, and tennis.
- Resistance training with free weights strengthens major muscle groups.
- Flexibility and balance exercises like tai chi and yoga improve balance and help to avoid falls.
- Consult with the DOC physical therapist or an athletic trainer to create a personalized bone-building diet and exercise program.
Causes of Fractures
- Trauma from a fall, a motor vehicle accident or a sports injury
- Weakened bones from osteoporosis
- Overuse or repetitive motion stress fracture
Symptoms of a Fracture
- Unable to move the injured area
- Swelling and tenderness
Examination for Fractures
The DOC orthopedic surgeon or PA will carefully examine the injured area and confirm the diagnosis with X-rays, which provide clear images of bone. A plaster or fiberglass cast is the most common type of fracture treatment. Most broken bones heal successfully once they have been repositioned and a cast keeps the broken ends in the proper position to heal.
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