Ligaments are dense bands of fibrous, connective tissue that join two or more bones of the musculoskeletal system and stabilize the joint. Ligament injuries cause musculoskeletal joint pain and disability. Knees, hips, shoulders, ankles, elbows, and wrists are among some of the joints most commonly affected by ligament injuries.
Early medical treatment for ligament injury includes: ice, compression, elevation, pain relievers, physical therapy, joint braces, and activity limitations. Corticosteroid injections can reduce swelling and lessen pain in conjunction with physical therapy. Regenerative medicine injections, platelet-rich plasma and/or stem cells, may help to relieve pain and stimulate healing.
Surgery to repair a partially or completely torn ligament involves replacing the ligament with a segment of healthy tendon from the kneecap or hamstring or from an organ donor, grafted into place.