Arthroscopy comes from two Greek words: “artho” meaning joint and “skopein” meaning to look. So arthroscopy means to look within the joint. Arthroscopy involves a miniature incision and pencil-sized instruments with a lens and light to magnify and illuminate inside the joint.
The DOC surgeon is able to see inside the joint, including bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Diagnosing joint injuries and disease starts with a thorough medical history, physical examination, X-rays, and possibly MRI or CT scans. Arthroscopy helps to provide a definitive diagnosis.
Arthroscopic surgery requires the use of anesthetics and an operating room or surgical suite. A small incision is made big enough to insert the arthroscope. Additional small incisions may be made to see other parts of the joint or to insert other surgical instruments. The miniature instruments are inserted into the joint through the miniature incisions in order to perform the necessary surgery.