A joint is where the ends of two or more bones meet. Joint pain is caused by damage to the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones from arthritis, a fracture or another condition. If nonsurgical treatments like medications and physical therapy do not relieve pain and disability, the DOC orthopedic surgeon may recommend total joint replacement.
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which damaged cartilage and bone of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device, a prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint.
Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.