Tendons are strong fibrous tissue connecting bone to muscle. When tendons become inflamed, irritated or suffer tears, the condition is called tendonitis, which can cause pain tenderness, reduced movement, weakness, and stiffness of the affected area. The three most common tendon injuries involve tearing of the rotator cuff of the shoulder, the flexor tendon of the hand, and the Achilles tendon. Tendonitis is typically caused by overuse injuries.
A DOC orthopedic specialist will discuss medical history, perform an examination, and may order other tests such as an X-ray or MRI to aid in diagnosis and treatment. Tendonitis can typically be treated non-operatively with rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and bracing. If tendonitis is severe and the tendon is ruptured, surgery may be required.