Sprains and Strains
For movement, bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles must all work together in response to signals from the brain. If ligaments, tendons, or muscles are sprained or strained, movement is impaired. Knees, wrists and ankles are most susceptible to sprain and strain injuries, usually caused by a fall or accident.
Ligaments are like strong ropes that connect bones to other bones within the joint. A sprain is graded from a mild stretch to a severe and complete tear of a ligament. Tendons connect bones to muscles. Similar to a sprain, strains may be a stretch, partial or complete tear in the tendon-muscle combination.
The recommended treatment protocol for sprains and strains is: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. If sprain or strain symptoms persist, the DOC orthopedic surgeon or specialty-trained PA will provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment options after an examination and imaging. Surgery is sometimes required for a more serious or complete tear.