Articular cartilage is the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joints. Healthy cartilage makes it easier to move, allowing the bones to glide over each other with very little friction. Articular cartilage can be damaged by injury or normal wear and tear.
Surgical techniques are used to stimulate the growth of new cartilage. Articular cartilage restoration includes microfracture and drilling techniques to create a new blood supply to the injured area and a healing response. Autograft transplantation transfers cartilage from one part of the guest’s joint to another or from an organ donor.
Stem cells come from a guest’s own bone marrow, which is typically harvested from the pelvis and injected into the damaged area. Stem work as an internal repair system, dividing without limit to replenish many different cell types. The orthopedic surgeons at DOC believe that stems cells are ideal to help treat and heal cartilage damage from osteoarthritis.